OVER FISHING


Unfortunately overfishing has a variety of impacts on the oceans ecosystem. To IMG_1418
begin, overfishing is when more fish are caught faster than they could replace themselves.

Now are you ready for this number? An estimate of around IMG_1434fish are caught each year. Thats 2.0 trillion less fish in our ocean. Each. Year.

We are not only finishing with fish species leaving many endangered such as blue fin tuna and groupers, but we are also ruining the balance in the ecosystem. Smaller marine species from the bottom of the food chain are increasing because there arenot large fish to eat them, causing an imbalance in the food chain. This is a threat to coral reefs as well because there is a growth increase of algae that takes over the reefs.

Do you remember bycatch? Those large nets that boats throw in the ocean don’t only catch the intended fish but they accidentally catch other marine species such as sharks, turtles, dolphins rays..  Bycatch in fishing puts other species at risk when they aren’t supposed to even be involved!

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Fish is part of our diets so since some of you are still going to purchase fish, the best thing you can do is learn where.

Buy your seafood it from local markets.

Local fisheries do not get their fish from large nets holding thousands of fish from and get it shipped across the world, they get local fish from the nearest oceans. Making the fish caught in a sustainable way as well as ensuring the freshness of the fish since it is caught locally. Double win!

CLIMATE CHANGE

Climate change is when temperature, amount of rainfall, winds, and other factors are in a general, not so usual, change.

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If you’ve ever heard of a green house where plants grow, it is a house with specific panels on the roof are designed to trap heat from the sun and keep the plants warm with the suns heat even when it is night time. Those houses also have fans and vents that can cool the room temperature down if it is getting too hot to keep the plants from dying.

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The Earth’s atmosphere does a similar thing. It traps the gases and emissions such as carbon dioxide, methane, and vapor to keep the temperature warm and stable throughout the night.

The problem now is that with all of the cars, factories, burning of fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal etc.. We are releasing an excess of gases into the air, so much that the Earth isn’t able to regulate the temperature anymore. There are so many greenhouse gases trapping heat that instead the temperature is rising. 

Woohoo better weather to go to the beach and less snow days right? Wrong!

Rise in temperature is creating many problems for us.

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Glaciers, ice sheets, and ice caps where polar bears and penguins live are progressively melting minimizing their homes. All of that melted ice from the glaciers are being added into our oceans rising the sea level.

What does the sea level rising mean? That cities close to sea are in danger of being submerged under water or constantly flooding if we don’t react quick. Miami Beach developers recently had to invest $500 million to raise their sidewalks and replace the infrastructure of its gravity water system, all because of the danger sea levels are giving.

It is also:

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Submerging crop fields making it more difficult for us to grow produce.

Causing more and more wildfires due to leaves lacking moisture and making their dryness more probable for a fire to catch.

Intensifying weather patterns such as floods, droughts, and worse – fueling stronger hurricanes.

Changing the oceans chemical make-up due to the gases and temperature, bleaching corals, killing reefs, killing species.

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You can do small actions in your every day to make a difference in avoiding this.

Turn off your light when you are out of the room.  –  Ride a bike instead of a car to avoid pollution, it also reduces the need for gasoline which helps reduce off shore drilling for oil!  –  Plant a tree with your family to help clean our air.  –  Buy food from local markets which reduces factories and food manufacturers pollution. (it also ensure the food being organic and sustainable!)  –  Shower at shorter times.

*If you have any suggestions for other ways to help email us to have your ideas added to the page!*

Pollution by definition is:

decompose copysAny substance introduced to the environment that creates any harmful or negative effect. Basically, pollution is anything that makes our Earth dirty or unhealthy.

Pollution can come from many different substances, smokeautomobiles release, fossil fuel burning, trash left on the ground, chemicals released by factories, oil drilling, the list goes on. All of these and more, are harmful for the planet as they dirty the air we breathe, damage the health of animals habitats, places animals at risk of being exposed to trash and ingesting it, injures animals, makes our beaches and parks dirty, even makes people in certain countries have to walk around with a mask to not breathe in the excess of pollution!

Animals?

14 billion pounds of garbage are dumped in the ocean every year.

Pollution kills 100 million mammals a year
1 million seabirds every year.
300,000 dolphins and porpoises

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Plastic pollution is a very serious threat.
Animals get stuck in plastic bags, and plastic beverage holders, other animals eat plastic confusing it for their food.
Also, plastic does not decompose. It never fully disappears, it continuously breaks into smaller and smaller pieces through out time. That same plastic also absorbs any toxic chemicals it isexposed to harming anything that eats it not just by possibly choking, but now by poisoning.

Us?

Besides pollution affecting the animals and our health, it affects our planet.

Our atmosphere keeps Earths temperature stable through the greenhouse effect. This is when Earths natural gases trap the suns heat so when it is night time and we do not receive direct sunlight we are still warm. We are releasing too many gases through air pollution into our Earths atmosphere such as carbon dioxide and methane trapping an excess of heat which is the cause of global warming and climate change. You can read more about climate change here.

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We use many things a day, yogurt containers, boxes, paper, the list goes on and onnnn. What we have to do is be smart about what we do when we are done.

Throw everything away where it goes!

Be sure to recycle any material you can, you never know when it will be useful to make an invention or a video.  –  Ask your family or school to buy different trash cans to place plastic, glass, and waste in separate containers (thats also recycling!)  – Minimize your waste, buy a thermos and refill that everyday with clean water. It is a lot better than buying and throwing away water bottles every day.  –   Ask for paper bags at stores instead of plastic bags.  –  If you see any trash pick it up!  –  Ride bike to school once a month to reduce air pollution. 

And lastly, you are a Planet Patrol, if you see anyone throwing trash where it does not belong.. teach them where it belongs! It is your duty to teach them why littering is bad, where it our trash ends up, and where to correctly throw it!